Gustav Tammann

1861-05-28 - 1938-12-17

Click for large picture. Source: Chem. Ber. 1940Gustav Tammann was born 1861-05-28 in Jamburg (Yamburg, 1922 renamed Kingisepp), SW of St. Petersburg, Russia, near the border to Estonia.

Studies chemistry in Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia)

1885 Magister

1887 Venia legendi, 1889 Dozent

1892 extraordinary, 1894 ordinary professor in Dorpat

In 1903 he came to Göttingen as director of the newly founded inorganic chemistry institute.

In 1907/1908 he was appointed director of the Göttingen physicochemical institute, as successor of Walther Nernst and Friedrich Dolezalek (until 1929).

His interests focussed on the physics and physical chemistry of metals.

Corresponding fellow of the Berlin Academy of Sciences 1919-06-26.

In 1925 Gustav Tammann was awarded the Liebig-Denkmünze (Verein Deutscher Chemiker, now GDCh).

Click for large picture

65th birthday 1926
The young lady in front in the middle is Charlotte Riefenstahl (1899 - 19xx)
(Photograph taken in front of the physicochemical institute. Source: Museum der Göttinger Chemie)

Click for large picture. Source: Museum der Göttinger Chemie Emeritus

1936-04-20, a few weeks before his 75th birthday he was awarded the Adlerschild des Deutschen Reiches with the dedication "Dem Altmeister der deutschen Metallurgie".

Gustav Tammann died 1938-12-17 in Göttingen at age 77.

Click for large picture Click for large picture.
Source: Museum der Göttinger Chemie

Tammann with the Adlerschild des Deutschen Reiches
Painting by Elisabeth Jensen 1936 (left), draft (right)


H. O. v. Samson-Himmelstjerna. Die Forschungen Gustav Tammanns in ihrer Bedeutung für die deutsche Metallkunde. Die Umschau in Wissenschaft und Technik 43(4):88 - 90, 1939 (w/photograph)

G. Masing. Gustav Tammann, 1861 - 1938. Z. Elektrochem. 45(2):121 - 124, 1939

G. Masing. Gustav Tammann. Ber. Dt. Chem. Ges. 73A(2):25 - 38, 1940 (w/photograph)

A. G. Morachevskii. Professor Gustav Tammann (To 140th Birthday Anniversary). Russ. J. Appl. Chem. 74(9):1610 - 1615, 2001 (w/photograph)

V. Past and H. Tankler. Chemie an der Universität Tartu/Dorpat 1802 – 1918 (2007)

Bibliography of Gustav Tammann, edited by Hain Tankler (Tartu) and Ulrich Schmitt (Göttingen)
PDF (484 KB, 29 pp., version 2006-02-27)


Deutsche Gesellschaft für Materialkunde (Tammann-Gedenkmünze)

Walther Nernst homepage

Revised 2011-06-26